Repairing Your Relationship with Your Adolescent Children: A Solihull Approach

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Adolescence can strain even the strongest parent-child relationships. The Solihull Approach offers valuable strategies to repair and strengthen these bonds. Integrating containment, reciprocity, and behaviour management provides a comprehensive framework for fostering emotional health and wellbeing in families.

Understanding the Solihull Approach

The Solihull Approach is built on three key concepts: containment, reciprocity, and behaviour management. These concepts draw from various theoretical foundations, providing a robust framework for supporting emotional and behavioural development in children and families.

Psychological Foundations

1. Containment: This concept is derived from psychoanalytic theory, particularly the work of Wilfred Bion. Containment involves managing and making sense of emotions, both one’s own and those of others. In practice, it means creating a safe emotional environment where individuals can express and process their feelings. For parents, this involves staying calm and composed when their adolescent is upset, helping them to manage and understand their intense emotions.

    – How it Helps: By providing emotional containment, parents can help their adolescents feel understood and supported, reducing anxiety and promoting emotional regulation. This builds trust and a sense of security, which is essential for a healthy parent-child relationship.

2. Reciprocity: This concept stems from attachment theory, particularly the work of John Bowlby. Reciprocity emphasises the two-way nature of interactions between parents and children. It highlights the importance of understanding and responding to each other’s emotional and psychological needs, fostering a secure attachment and mutual responsiveness.

    – How it Helps: Fostering reciprocity helps parents and adolescents understand each other’s perspectives, promote empathy, build strengths and reduce conflicts. This mutual understanding strengthens the emotional bond and improves communication, making it easier to navigate the challenges of adolescence together.

3. Behaviour Management: This element incorporates principles from cognitive-behavioural approaches. Behaviour management focuses on understanding and managing behaviours through consistent and positive strategies. It involves setting clear expectations, providing positive reinforcement, and applying consistent consequences.

    – How it Helps: Effective behaviour management helps establish clear boundaries and routines, crucial for adolescents’ sense of security and self-discipline. Positive reinforcement encourages desirable behaviours, while consistent consequences help adolescents understand the impact of their actions. This approach promotes a positive and structured environment, reducing behavioural issues and enhancing overall family harmony.

Practical Steps to Repair Your Relationship

1. Create a Safe Emotional Space

To begin repairing your relationship, focus on **containment**. Adolescents often experience intense emotions and need a safe space to express them.


– Listening without Interruption: When your teenager comes home upset, sit with them and listen without interrupting. Say, “I’m here for you. Tell me what happened.”

– Validating Feelings: If they express frustration about the school, respond with, “I can see why you feel that way. School can be really stressful.”

– Encouraging Open Communication: Ask open-ended questions like, “How did that make you feel?” to encourage them to share more.

– Non-Verbal Support: Offer a hug or a comforting touch if they seem receptive to physical comfort.

– Empathising with Their Experiences: Share a similar experience from your adolescence to show you understand, such as, “I remember feeling the same way when I was your age.”

– Creating a Calming Environment: Set up a cosy space in your home where they can retreat to relax and feel safe, like a reading nook with their favourite books and a soft blanket.

This builds trust and reassures them that their feelings matter.

2. Foster Mutual Understanding

Reciprocity is crucial in any relationship, especially during adolescence. Spend time understanding your child’s perspective and experiences.


– Shared ActivitiesEngage in activities they enjoy, like playing video games together or watching their favourite TV show.

– Daily Check-Ins: Ask about their day with genuine interest. Instead of a generic “How was school?”, try “What was the best part of your day today?”

– Listening to Their Music: Spend time listening to their favourite music and discussing what they like about it.

– Participating in Their Hobbies: Join them in their hobbies, whether it’s painting, skateboarding, or coding.

– Learning Together: Take an interest in something new they are learning, like a foreign language or a new sport, and learn together.

– Respecting Their Privacy: Give them space when they need it, showing you respect their growing independence.

Reflect on your interactions and consider how your behaviour affects your child. This mutual understanding can bridge gaps and strengthen your connection.

3. Implement Positive Behaviour Management

Positive behaviour management involves setting clear, consistent boundaries and using positive reinforcement to encourage desirable behaviours.


– Setting Clear Rules: Establish clear rules together. For example, agree on homework times and curfews. Involve them in the discussion so they feel a sense of ownership.

– Rewarding Positive Behaviour: Use a reward system to reinforce good behaviour. For instance, if they complete their homework on time all week, reward them with extra screen time or a special outing.

– Consistent Consequences: Apply consequences consistently. If they break curfew, calmly remind them of the agreed-upon consequence, such as losing a privilege.

– Positive Reinforcement: Praise specific behaviours, like saying, “I really appreciate how you helped with dinner tonight.”

– Setting Achievable Goals: Work with your teen to set small, achievable goals and celebrate their accomplishments together.

– Problem-Solving Together: When issues arise, involve them in finding solutions, asking, “What do you think would help you remember to do your chores on time?”

Establishing routines and clear expectations helps adolescents feel secure and understood, reducing conflicts and promoting positive behaviours.

Communication Tips

Effective communication is key to any relationship repair. Here are some tips based on the Solihull Approach:

Active Listening: Pay full attention when your child is speaking. Show that you are listening through verbal and non-verbal cues, such as nodding and maintaining eye contact.

    Example: When your teen talks about a challenging exam, listen attentively and nod, saying, “That sounds really tough.”

Reflective Responses: Reflect on what your child says by summarising their points and expressing understanding. This shows empathy and validates their feelings.

    Example: If they say, “I feel like you don’t trust me,” respond with, “It sounds like you’re feeling hurt because you think I don’t trust you. Let’s talk about that.”

Open-Ended Questions: Encourage deeper conversations by asking open-ended questions that require more than a yes or no answer.

    Example: Instead of asking, “Did you have a good day?” try, “What was something interesting that happened today?”

Non-Judgemental Attitude: Approach conversations without judgement. Be open to hearing your child’s perspective, even if it differs from your own.

    Example: If they share an opinion you disagree with, say, “I understand why you feel that way. Can you tell me more about your thoughts?”

Expressing Appreciation: Regularly express appreciation for their efforts and qualities, such as, “I appreciate how hard you’re working on your studies.”

Using “I” Statements: Communicate your feelings using “I statements to avoid sounding accusatory, like, “I feel concerned when you don’t come home on time.”

Seek Professional Support

If you find that repairing your relationship is particularly challenging, consider seeking professional support. Trained professionals, such as clinical psychologists or counsellors, can provide guidance and strategies tailored to your specific situation. 

How a Clinical Psychologist Can Help

Clinical psychologists are trained to understand the complexities of human behaviour and relationships. They use evidence-based techniques to support families in repairing and strengthening their relationships.


Family Therapy: A clinical psychologist can facilitate family therapy sessions in which parents and adolescents can express their feelings in a safe environment. The psychologist can mediate discussions, helping to improve communication and resolve conflicts.

– Individual Therapy: Adolescents may benefit from individual therapy to address personal issues such as anxiety, depression, or behavioural problems. This can improve their overall emotional wellbeing, making engaging positively with family members easier.

– Parenting Guidance: Psychologists can advise parents on effective parenting strategies tailored to their child’s unique needs. This may include advice on setting boundaries, managing conflicts, and fostering a supportive home environment.

– Psychoeducation: Educating families about adolescent development and the impact of family dynamics on mental health can empower parents and adolescents to understand each other better and work together to create a healthier relationship.

– Skill Development: Clinical psychologists can teach practical skills such as emotion regulation, stress management, and effective communication. These skills can help both parents and adolescents navigate difficult emotions and interactions more constructively.

By leveraging their expertise, clinical psychologists can provide a structured and supportive framework for families to rebuild trust, improve communication, and strengthen their relationships.


Repairing your relationship with your adolescent children requires patience, understanding, and effective strategies. The Solihull Approach provides a robust framework that can help you create a safe emotional space, foster mutual understanding, and implement positive behaviour management. By embracing these principles and incorporating practical examples, you can build a stronger, healthier relationship with your adolescent children, ensuring they feel supported and understood during this critical stage of their development.